Ubuntu 16.04.4 LTS released

News from mailing list :

The Ubuntu team is pleased to announce the release of Ubuntu 16.04.4 LTS
(Long-Term Support) for its Desktop, Server, and Cloud products, as well
as other flavours of Ubuntu with long-term support.

Like previous LTS series’, 16.04.4 includes hardware enablement stacks
for use on newer hardware. This support is offered on all architectures
except for 32-bit powerpc, and is installed by default when using one of
the desktop images. Ubuntu Server defaults to installing the GA kernel,
however you may select the HWE kernel from the installer bootloader.

As usual, this point release includes many updates, and updated
installation media has been provided so that fewer updates will need to
be downloaded after installation. These include security updates and
corrections for other high-impact bugs, with a focus on maintaining
stability and compatibility with Ubuntu 16.04 LTS.

Kubuntu 16.04.4 LTS, Xubuntu 16.04.4 LTS, Mythbuntu 16.04.4 LTS,
Ubuntu GNOME 16.04.4 LTS, Lubuntu 16.04.4 LTS, Ubuntu Kylin 16.04.4 LTS,
Ubuntu MATE 16.04.4 LTS and Ubuntu Studio 16.04.4 LTS are also now
available. More details can be found in their individual release notes:


Maintenance updates will be provided for 5 years for Ubuntu Desktop,
Ubuntu Server, Ubuntu Cloud, Ubuntu Base, and Ubuntu Kylin. All the
remaining flavours will be supported for 3 years.

To get Ubuntu 16.04.4



Ubuntu 18.04 will revert to long-in-the-tooth Xorg

Canonical has announced that it’ll be reverting back to the Xorg graphics stack as the default option in Ubuntu 18.04 LTS “Bionic Beaver”. While Wayland will still be available as an option, the testing that Canonical carried out by making Wayland default in Ubuntu 17.10 has found that Xorg is still more advantageous to use over Wayland, especially for a release which needs to be rock solid as it gets picked up by educational institutions and businesses.

Will Cooke from Canonical, in the announcement, outlined the three main reasons that Xorg would once again become the default display server:

1. Screen sharing in software like WebRTC services, Google Hangouts, Skype, etc works well under Xorg.
2. Remote Desktop control for example RDP & VNC works well under Xorg.
3. Recoverability from Shell crashes is less dramatic under Xorg.

He continued on to confirm that Wayland is indeed the future for Canonical despite it not being default in 18.04:

“The Wayland session will still be available, pre-installed, for people to use, but for our ‘out of the box’ users the Ubuntu experience needs to be stable and provide the features they have come to expect and use in daily life and Xorg is the best choice here, at least for 18.04 LTS, but for 18.10 we will re-evaluate Wayland as the default.”

Wayland has been under development for almost ten years now but has only, in the last few years, started making any appearances on mainline Linux distributions. Fedora 25, which shipped at the end of 2016, used Wayland by default and this decision was followed by Canonical which utilised Wayland in Ubuntu 17.10. With news that Canonical won’t ship it by default in 18.04, it’ll mean that Linux Mint, another very popular distribution which bases its releases on the latest Ubuntu LTS, won’t switch to Wayland until 2020 at the earliest.

Source: Ubuntu


Linux 4.15 Becomes Slowest Release Since 2011

News Quote :

Linus Torvalds has decided that Linux 4.15 needs a ninth release candidate, making it the first kernel release to need that much work since 2011. Torvalds flagged up the possibility of an extra release candidate last week, with the caveat that “it obviously requires this upcoming week to not come with any huge surprises” after “all the Meltdown and Spectre hoopla” made his job rather more complicated in recent weeks. Fast-forward another week and Torvalds has announced “I really really wanted to just release 4.15 today, but things haven’t calmed down enough for me to feel comfy about it.”

Source : slashdot.org

Linux 4.5

Summary of the changes and new features merged in the Linux kernel during the 4.5 development cycle.
The Many New Features & Improvements Of The Linux 4.5 Kernel …

Jan 24, 2016 With Linux 4.5-rc1 expected for release today that will mark the end of this cycle’s merge window, here is a look at the new features and improved functionality present for this major Linux kernel release that will then be officially christened in about two months time. The Linux 4.5 merge window was yet …

Google switches from Ubuntu to Debian as base for their in-house OS

For years now Google has used Ubuntu as the base for their own private in-house OS, Goobuntu, to what they are now calling gLinux, which will be based off the unstable Debian-Testing branch for Debian 10 “Buster.”

Using the testing branch of Debian does mean that the stability of the OS could be questioned, since Debian Stable is known as virtual unshakable, but Debian testing is almost the complete opposite at times.

During the announcement which was done at Debconf2017, Margarita Manterola, an engineer with Google, explained how packages will be rebuilt, and then tested. If a package is buggy or needs work, it will be patched and worked on by Google, before it is then inserted into the gLinux operating system.

So, if Google doesn’t skimp out on the testing and patching aspect of things, then they have the power of Debian testing, stabilized – a nice setup really.

With that said, gLinux again is a private and in-house OS used by Google, and is not something that will likely ever be released to the public.

Martin’s note: It appears, however, that Google plans to contribute to the Debian Project which will benefit the community.

Google has not made public what desktop environment will be used, leaving some to guess or theorize. I personally believe that either GNOME or Cinnamon will be used, given that GNOME is once again growing in popularity, and is very customizable.

However, I also wouldn’t be surprised if KDE could potentially be used, given its very advanced and already powerful tools such as the amazing File Manager, Dolphin.